R fugi s et sans papiers
L'article 20 de la Constitution de 1793, qui stipule que le peuple français " donne asile aux étrangers bannis de leur patrie pour la cause de la liberté ", marque le point de départ de la conception moderne du droit d'asile. Mais l'auteur montre comment sa mise en œuvre a été le résultat d'un compromis entre les porte-parole d'une définition abstraite, universelle, et, les tenants d'une limitation de la générosité publique, d'un repli sur l'identité nationale. Ce livre éclaire ainsi les sources des contradictions actuelles. Les demandeurs d'asile n'ont jamais été aussi nombreux qu'aujourd'hui. Venus pour la grande majorité des pays pauvres, ils doivent produire les preuves des persécutions qu'ils ont subies, le plus souvent impossibles à fournir. Peut-on alors invoquer les droits de l'homme pour poursuivre une politique fondée sur l'hypocrisie d'Etat sans aggraver encore le discrédit dont souffrent les idéaux démocratiques ?
Between Europe and the Mediterranean
Historians, anthropologists, political scientists and demographers explore the principal challenges and fears characterizing relations between Europe and the Mediterranean. The contributors suggest that the greatest challenge facing our political generation is no longer forming a Europe without the Mediterranean, but with it.
The League of Nations and the Refugees from Nazi Germany
Greg Burgess's important new study explores the short life of the High Commission for Refugees (Jewish and Other) Coming from Germany, from its creation by the League of Nations in October 1933 to the resignation of High Commissioner, James G. McDonald, in December 1935. The book relates the history of the first stage of refugees from Germany through the prism of McDonald and the High Commission. It analyses the factors that shaped the Commission's formation, the undertakings the Commission embarked upon and its eventual failure owing to external complications. The League of Nations and the Refugees from Nazi Germany argues that, in spite of the Commission's failure, the refugees from Nazi Germany and the High Commission's work mark a turn in conceptions of international humanitarian responsibilities when a state defies standards of proper behaviour towards its citizens. From this point on, it was no longer considered sufficient or acceptable for states to respect the sovereign rights of another if the rights of citizens were being violated. Greg Burgess discusses this idea, amongst others, in detail as part of what is a crucial volume for all scholars and students of Nazi Germany, the Holocaust and modern Jewish history.
Refugee Women in Britain and France
This book is about the lives of refugee women in Britain and France. Who are they? Where do they come from? What happens to them when they arrive, while they wait for a decision on their claim for asylum, and after the decision, whether positive or negative? It shows how laws and processes designed to meet the needs of men fleeing political persecution often fail to protect women from persecution in their home countries and fail to meet their needs during and after the decision-making process. It portrays refugee women as resilient, resourceful and potentially active participants in British and French social, political and cultural life. It exposes the obstacles that make active participation difficult. The book is an authoritative and thorough synthesis of all available material on refugee women in Britain and France. The style is accessible and highly readable, making this an ideal book for academics, students and interested readers.
Refugees in Europe 1919 1959
Refugees in Europe, 1919-1959 offers a new history of Europe's mid-20th century as seen through its recurrent refugee crises. By bringing together in one volume recent research on a range of different contexts of groups of refugees and refugee policy, it sheds light on the common assumptions that underpinned the history of refugees throughout the period under review. The essays foreground the period between the end of the First World War, which inaugurated a series of new international structures to deal with displaced populations, and the late 1950s, when Europe's home-grown refugee problems had supposedly been 'solved' and attention shifted from the identification of an exclusively European refugee problem to a global one. Borrowing from E. H. Carr's The Twenty Years' Crisis, first published in 1939, the editors of the volume test the idea that the two post-war eras could be represented as a single crisis of a European-dominated international order of nation states in the face of successive refugee crises which were both the direct consequence of that system and a challenge to it. Each of the chapters reflects on the utility and limitations of this notion of a 'forty years' crisis' for understanding the development of specific national and international responses to refugees in the mid-20th century. Contributors to the volume also provide alternative readings of the history of an international refugee regime, in which the non-European and colonial world are assigned a central role in the narrative.
Refuge in the Land of Liberty
This book examines changing responses towards refugees in modern France through French legal, intellectual, political and social history. Critical questions framed debates and policy: whether individuals had a natural human right to receive asylum and whether refugee policy was a matter for national government, or international agreement.
The Routes to Exile
As they trudged over the Pyrenees, the Spanish republicans became one of the most iconoclastic groups of refugees to have sought refuge in twentieth-century France. This book explores the array of opportunities, constraints, choices and motivations that characterised their lives. Using a wide range of empirical material, it presents a compelling case for rethinking exile in relation to refugees' lived experiences and memory activities. The major historical events of the period are covered: the development of refugees' rights and the 'concentration' camps of the Third Republic, the para-military labour formations of the Second World War, the dynamics shaping resistance activities, and the role of memory in the campaign to return to Spain. This study additionally analyses how these experiences have shaped homes and France's memorial landscape, thereby offering an unparalleled exploration of the long-term effects of exile from the mass exodus of 1939 through to the seventieth-anniversary commemorations in 2009.
Identification and Registration Practices in Transnational Perspective
This collection examines the subject of identification and surveillance from 16th C English parish registers to 21st C DNA databases. The contributors, who range from historians to legal specialists, provide an insight into the historical development behind such issues as biometric identification, immigration control and personal data use.
Les exil s politiques espagnols italiens et portugais en France au XIXe si cle
Ces textes étudient et analysent la question de l'exil politique dans la terre d'accueil française pour trois pays d'Europe du Sud qui ont connu plusieurs vagues de migrations au cours des XIXe et XXe siècles. A travers l'analyse de cas de proscrits et exilés volontaires espagnols, italiens et portugais, les auteurs réfléchissent sur leur apport à la création de cultures politiques transnationales, ainsi que sur les actions de propagande politique élaborées sur le sol français et diffusées ensuite dans toute l'Europe.
Public management of society
This study about France, a unique laboratory for Public Management of Society (PMS) for about 20 centuries, offers information to supplement Anglo-American literature. The Fifth Republic, some fields of public policy-making, international relations and the European Union are handled.