Principle of MeasurementInstrument classification, Static\Dynamic characteristic of instruments, Instrument calibration standards, Calibration methodology, Validation, Traceability, Measurement, System errors - Schematic, Random and Gross; Statistical distribution functions, Confidence in intervals, Comparison of means statistics conditions of data, Regression analysis.Voltage, Current and Resistance Measuring InstrumentsMeasurement of Voltage, Current, Resistance, Inductance, Capacitance and Frequency with digital techniques, Sources of measurement errors. DMM, DVM, Digital LCR meter, True RMS voltmeter, Complex impedance measurement meters.OscilloscopeGeneral oscilloscope concept, Concept of bandwidth, Triggering sources, Multitrace CRO technique, Plug in units for CRO. Typical oscilloscope specification, High frequency and Sampling CRO, Power scope. Digital storage CRO, Block diagram, Acquisition methods, Enhance features, Automatic measurements, Oscilloscope probes - Attenuated, High impedance, Active, Differential, Current and Hall effect probe.Time and Frequency Measurement Techniques (Digital)Time and Frequency standards. Frequency period and Ratio measurement, Digital timer/Counter plug-in modules for counter.Signal SourcesKinds of signal waveforms. Standard signal generator, Synthesized signal source, Synthesized sweeper, Programmable pulse generator, Arbitrary waveform synthesizer.Measuring Instruments(Working principle, Block diagram and Applications) Wave analyzer, Total harmonic distortion analyzer, Spectrum analyzer, Digital FFT analyzer, Logic analyzer and Signature analyzer, Network analyzer and OTDR.Communication MeasurementSelectivity, Sensitivity measurement. Communication analyzer, Digital transmission analyzer, Case study - Digital ratio test measurement like power, Adjacent channel power, Frequency occupied bandwidth, Modulation occupancy.Power Measurement TechniquesAudio, Radio, Microwave and Optical power measurement technique.Automatic Test EquipmentsStandard instrument Buses - like IEEE 488, VXI.Analog and Digital board testing setup. Computer based and Computer control system.Case study - PC based instrument test system.Guarding Techniques, Radiated and Conducted Measurement SetupEMI / EMC standards such as IEC, VDE, FCC, CISPER, MIL
Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation
Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation provides a comprehensive blend of the theoretical and practical aspects of electronic measurements and instrumentation. Spread across eight chapters, this book provides a comprehensive coverage of each topic in the syllabus with a special focus on oscilloscopes and transducers. The key features of the book are clear illustrations and circuit diagrams for enhanced comprehension; points to remember that help students grasp the essence of each chapter; objective-type questions, review questions, and unsolved problems provided at the end of each chapter, which help students prepare for competitive examinations; solved numerical problems and examples are provided, which enable the reader to understand design aspects better and to enable students to comprehend basic principles; and summaries at the end of each chapter that help students recapitulate all the concepts learnt.
Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation
Theory of MeasurementPerformance Characteristics : Static & Dynamic standards, Error analysis : Sources, Types and Statistical analysis.TransducersPassive transducers : Resistive, Inductive and capacitiveActive transducers : Thermoelectrics, piezoelectric and photoelectric.Bridges : Direct current and alternating current bridges, LCR bridges.Analog MetersAC analog meters : Average Peak and RMS responding voltmeters, sampling voltmeters. Electronics Analog meters : Electronics analog DC and AC voltmeter and ammeters, Electronic analog ohmmeter and multimeter.Digital MetersAnalog to digital converter : Transfer characteristics, A/D Conversion techniques : Simple potentiometric and servo method, Successive approximation, Ramp type, Integrating and Dual-slope integrating method.D/A Converter : Transfer characteristics, D/A Conversion techniques, Digital mode of operation, Performance characteristics of D/A converters.Display devices : Decimal, BCD and straight binary number, Indicating system, Numeric and alphanumeric display using LCD and LED, Specification of digital meters : Display digit and Counts resolution, Sensitivity, Accuracy, Speed and Settling time etc.Oscilloscopes and RF MeasurementTypes of oscilloscopes, Controls, Measurements : Voltage, Frequency, Time and Phase. High frequency measurements - RF impedancy.Probes : Types of probes, Probe loading and Measurement effect, Probe specifications.Signal Generators and AnalyzersSignal Generators : Sine-wave, Non-sinusoidal and Function generators, Frequency synthesis techniques and digital signal generators.Signal Analyzers : Distortion, Wave and Network spectrum analyzers.
Analog Instruments LCR-Q meter, True RMS meter, Vector voltmeter, RF power and voltage measurement, Electronic multimeter, Amplified DC meter, AC voltmeter using rectifiers, Vector impedance meter, Output power meter, Field strength meter, Automatic bridge transmitter, Analog Ph meter, Bolometer method for power measurement.Digital Instruments Microprocessor controlled bridges, Digital readout bridges, Digital counters and timers, Basic counter circuitry, Main gate, Time base control circuit, Frequency measurement, Measurement errors, Ratio of frequency measurement, Automation in digital instruments (Auto zeroing, Auto polarity etc.) Digital tachometer, Digital Ph meter, Phase meter, Capacitance meter.Signal Generators and Analyzers Sine wave generator, Fixed frequency AF oscillator, Frequency synthesized signal generator, Random noise generator, Sweep generator, Sweep marker generator, Colour bar generator, Vectroscope, Function generator.Basic wave analyzer, Freqeuncy selective wave analyzer, Heterodyne wave analyzer, Harmonic distortion analyzer, Spectrum analyzer, Digital Fourier analyzer, Logic analyzer, Signature analyzer, OTDR meter, Wobbuloscope.Oscilloscope Principle, Feature, Block diagram, Vertical amplifier, Sweep types delay line types, CRT diagram, CRT basics, PDA tubes, Dual beam CRO, Dual trace CRO, VHF oscilloscope, VLF signal scope (analog storage and digital storage scopes), Digital read out scopes, Probes for CRO, Attenuators, Applications of CRO, Fiber optic CRT, Recording oscilloscope, Hall effect probe, Power scope.Data Aquisition, Conversion and Transmission Instrumentation system, Interfacing transducer to electronic control, Objective of DAS, Single channel multi channel DAS / ATS, Computer based testing of audio amplifier, Radio receiver, Data loggers, Digital transducers. Data transmission systems, Advantages and disadvantages of digital over analog transmitter, TDM, etc.
Electronic Measurements Instrumentation
Electronic InstrumentsElectronic voltmeter, VTVM Transistor voltmeter, Electronic multimeter, CRO s study of various stages in brief, Measurement of voltage, Current phase and frequency, Special purpose oscilloscope, Measurement of resistance, Inductance, Capacitance using Kelvin s Maxwell s and Schering bridge. Effective resistance at high frequency, R meter, LCR meter.Instrumentation for Generation and Analysis of Waveforms Signal generators, Function generator, Wave analyzer, Harmonic distortion analyzer, Spectrum analyzer, Spectrum analysis.Instrument TransformerCurrent and potential transformers, Constructional features, Ratio and phase angle error.TransducersPrinciples of operation, Qualitative treatment of strain gauge, LVDT, Thermocouple, Piezo-electric crystal and photoelectric transducers.Data Acquistion SystemNecessity of recorders, Recording requirements, Graphic recorders, Strip chart recorders, Magnetic tape recorders, Digital tape recorders.Display DevicesElectronic indicating instruments, Seven segment display, Fourteen segmental display Nixie tube.Telemetry Method of data transmission, Types of telemetry systems and applications.
Electronics Measurements And Instrumentation
U.A.Bakshi A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Electronics Measurements And Instrumentation Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS
In the modern scientific world, a thorough understanding of complex measurements and instruments is the need of the hour. The second edition of the book provides a comprehensive coverage of the concepts and principles of measurements and instrumentation, and brings into fore the recent and significant developments in this field. The text now offers an exhaustive exposition of different types of measuring instruments and their applications in an easy-to-grasp manner. It presents even the minute details of various measurement techniques and calibration methods, which are the essential features of a measurement programme. The book elaborates on the theoretical background and practical knowledge of different measuring instruments to make the students accustomed to these devices. An in-depth coverage of topics makes the text useful to somewhat more advanced courses and its elaborated methodology will help students meet the challenges in their career. This book is ideally suitable for the undergraduate students of Electrical and Electronics, Electronics and Communication, Electronics and Telecommunication, and Instrumentation and Control disciplines of engineering.
Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation
This book is addressed to anyone with some knowledge of electricity, electronics, and circuit theory who wishes to become familiar with the great variety of electronic instruments and measuring systems available today and with the kinds of measurements they can make.
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Electronic Measurement Systems
U.A.Bakshi A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Electronic Measurement Systems Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.